About Prostate Cancer
What Is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is a serious condition that can affect almost any man usually over the age of 45, but most commonly over the age of 60. It is the most common cancer men experience other than skin cancer, and it is the third leading cause of cancer deaths in North American Men.
The prostate is composed of several different types of cells, but the cells that usually become cancerous are the gland cells. A cancer in gland cells is called an adenocarcinoma. Once these cells become cancerous, the disease can spread to the other cells and throughout the body. The cancer can grow at different rates, and doctors still do not know which cancers will grow quickly and which will grow slowly. The cancer becomes life threatening when it spreads beyond the prostate either locally or distantly to other areas of the body (Metastases).
Some important facts about prostate cancer are as follows:
- This cancer is most often found among men between 60 and 80 years of age.
- Age, family history, and race are all known risk factors for the disease.
- African Americans are at the highest risk of developing prostate cancer.
- Men with prostate cancer usually do not have symptoms at the beginning of the disease.
As the tumor progresses or spreads, patients begin experiencing symptoms, including:
- Weak urinary stream
- Frequent need to urinate
- Nighttime urination
- Difficulty urinating
- Blood found in urine
- Pain or burning while urinating
- Breaks in the urinary stream
- Low back pain from spread to the spine
According to Canadian Cancer Society in 213 an estimated 23,600 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer (equals 25% of new cancers in men) and about 3900 will die from prostate cancer (equals 10% of all cancer deaths in men).